vCenter 6 creating global roles with PowerCLI

While middle in the migration from a vCenter 5.1 environment to a vCenter 6.x environment I wanted to use the Global Roles so I don’t have to set them per vCenter anymore.

So how do I create those global roles?

Well the important thing is to connect to your vCenter (Connect-VIServer) using the administrator@vsphere.local user (or your SSO user if you configured a different one)

Because you login with the SSO user you can create the global roles by just using the New-VIRole command.

Example:
So in with the function below I tried to create a simple function with parameters -From and -To to simply recreate the roles from vCenter1 to vCenter2.
I make use of the logwrite function I posted earlier to spam some messages on screen and to a text file

Before:
– I expect you to be connected to both vCenters using the Connect-VIServer cmdlet.

function Migrate-VIrole{
	<#
		.SYNOPSIS
			Migrates the VCenter roles from one vCenter to another
		.DESCRIPTION
			A detailed description of the function.
		.PARAMETER  $From
			This is the vCenter to read from
		.PARAMETER  $To
			This is the vCenter to build the datacenter on
		.EXAMPLE
			PS C:\> Migrate-VIRole -From vCenter1 -To vCenter2
		.INPUTS
			System.String
		.OUTPUTS
			System.String
	#>
	[CmdletBinding()]
	[OutputType([System.String])]
	param(
		[Parameter(Position=1, Mandatory=$true)]
		[ValidateNotNull()]
		[System.String]
		$From,
		[Parameter(Position=2, Mandatory=$true)]
		[ValidateNotNull()]
		[System.String]
		$To
	)
	try{
	#Grabbing roles from an to in array
	$ArrRolesFrom = Get-VIRole -Server $From |?{$_.IsSystem -eq $False}
	$ArrRolesTo = Get-VIRole -Server $To |?{$_.IsSystem -eq $False}
	
	#Checking for existing roles
	foreach ($Role in $ArrRolesFrom){
		if($ArrRolesTo|where{$_.Name -like $role})
			{
		Logwrite -Error "$Role already exists on $To"
		logwrite -Info "Checking permissions for $role"
			[string[]]$PrivsRoleFrom = Get-VIPrivilege -Role (Get-VIRole -Name $Role -Server $From) |%{$_.id}
			[string[]]$PrivsRoleTo = Get-VIPrivilege -Role (Get-VIRole -Name $Role -Server $To) |%{$_.id}
				foreach ($Privilege in $PrivsRoleFrom){
					if ($PrivsRoleTo | where {$_ -Like $Privilege})
					{
					Logwrite -Error "$Privilege already exists on $role"
					}
					else
					{
						#Setting privileges
						Set-VIRole -Role (Get-VIRole -Name $Role -Server $To) -AddPrivilege (Get-VIPrivilege -Id $PrivsRoleFrom -Server $To)|Out-Null
						Logwrite -Success "Setting $privilege on $role"
					}
				}
			}
			else
			{
				#Creating new empty role
				New-VIrole -Name $Role -Server $To|Out-Null
				Logwrite -Success "Creating $Role on $To" 
				Logwrite -Info "Checking permissions for $role"
				[string[]]$PrivsRoleFrom = Get-VIPrivilege -Role (Get-VIRole -Name $Role -Server $From) |%{$_.id}
				[string[]]$PrivsRoleTo = Get-VIPrivilege -Role (Get-VIRole -Name $Role -Server $To) |%{$_.id}
				foreach ($Privilege in $PrivsRoleFrom)
				{
					if ($PrivsRoleTo|where {$_ -Like $Privilege})
					{
						Logwrite -Error "$Privilege already exists on $role"
					}
					else
					{
					#Setting privileges
					Set-VIRole -role (get-virole -Name $Role -Server $To) -AddPrivilege (get-viprivilege -id $PrivsRoleFrom -server $To)|Out-Null
					logwrite -success "Setting $privilege on $role"
					}
				}
			}
		}
	}
	catch 
	{
		throw
	}
}

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.